Understanding the Different Learning Styles
According to Robert Sternberg, Professor of Psychology and Education at Yale University, ignoring students’ learning styles fails teachers and learners. Novastar Prep agrees! By understanding learning styles, education can become effective and productive.
Teachers can provide a variety of activities that match different learning styles. This allows a greater number of students to showcase their intellectual ability and to experience success in classrooms. Here are some tips to help parents and tutors improve their communication with students based on the seven styles.
1. Visual: Uses pictures, images, and spatial understanding.
2. Auditory: Uses sound and music.
3. Linguistic: Uses words, speech, and writing.
4. Physical: Uses motion, hands and sense of touch.
5. Logical: Uses logic, reasoning and math.
6. Social: Learns best in groups.
7. Solitary: Prefers to work alone.
Use charts, diagrams, pictures, handouts, videos, worksheets, and other visuals. Visual learners succeed when they can see the facial expressions and body language of the teacher. Ask visual learners to picture a concept in their head.
Ask open-ended questions. These students learn mainly through verbal lectures and classroom discussion.
Re-phrase questions. Vary speed, volume, and pitch to help create interesting aural textures. Ask them questions and encourage them to ask questions. Repeating the concepts is very helpful for auditory learners. Allow them to record the lectures.
Writing and drawing benefit them as motion can help them to reinforce the material. They may hop while studying a section or clap in rhythm to the ideas.
Physical motion is not a distracting to them as it may be to others. Recognizing their unique learning style helps you to understand them. You should provide an active environment for the student and have frequent breaks. Teach lessons through activities involving materials, objects, models, and clay.
Have the students tell you what they understand. Ask them to repeat a concept. Let them explain and discuss what they have learned with you. Linguistic learners retain information when they repeat what they were taught audibly to themselves.
Create and list key points from the material. Use statistics to help logical learners understand new concepts. Ask students to address an issue from multiple perspectives. For example, when teaching about the challenges of climate change, ask them to consider this from different points of view, such as companies, consumers, and other countries. Create apuzzle for these students to solve through hints that need logical thinking or math.
Suggest study groups for homework. Suggest group-work, team projects, interviews and other social assignments. Engage students in discussions or make the lesson more interactive.
Solitary learners usually do not like learning in groups. Set goals, objectives and plans for students to help them study on their own. Provide them a clear syllabus that they can use independently. Be available to answer their questions.
The best way for parents and tutors can convey important information to students with different learning styles is by all using three methods: saying it, writing it, and providing examples.
Written by Dorsa S., Novastar Prep English and Civics Learning Coach