The Neuroscience of Learning Disabilities

When people think of the words “learning disabilities,” they think of words like a child who learns differently or slow learner.  These words occurred possibly earlier within the history of learning disabilities.  The reason is because the general public and educators did not understand the special and different ways in which students learn.  In the 21st century, educators and the general public understand now that students who are diagnosed with learning disabilities are smart and gifted; they just need encouragement and resources.

 

History of Learning Disabilities

In the 1950’s and 1960’s, children with learning disabilities were thought to be children who could be slow in learning.  The children were put into classes and the teachers were told to keep the students happy.  It was not until the 70’s that educators and scientists realized that children with learning disabilities can obtain a good quality education with modifications.  That is when the IEP (Individualized Educational Plan) was formulated and is still being used today.  Today, there are many children who are thriving in school that go on and accomplish their goals and dreams.

 

Neuroscience of Learning Disabilities

When the general public thinks about the word “neuroscience,” they think of brain function and capabilities.   The brain does receive information and can process the information in quick record times; however when a child has a learning disability things are different in certain factors.  A child with a learning disability is caused by a neurological disorder in which the brain has weak areas in certain parts.  For example, a child can be strong in math, but have weaknesses in reading and visual processing. With more and more research, educators are learning how to teach not only the child, but the parents and the general public.

 

Tips for Success

Any child can learn through many different ways and adaptations.  Some tips to keep in mind of in order to help children are in the following ways.  It is important for children to keep to a schedule, but also learn to be adaptable within that schedule so when circumstances arise suddenly, they will not be alarmed.  Children need to learn about their own IEP and their accommodations because they need to be a part of the decision making process.  Learning reading methods like SQ3R is a very important resource.  It allows children to look at the pictures, look at the boldface words, and then ask questions on flashcards.  This helps the children understand their reading material from a textbook better. Keeping children in the loop regarding their education and giving them resources is very important to their present and future success.

 

Conclusion

You may not realize, but some of the most famous inventors had learning disabilities.  Inventors like Thomas A.  Edison and Albert Einstein both struggled with learning, but learned how to adapt which helped them to make discoveries like the lightbulb, science experiments, and math equations. Understanding the neuroscience of the brain really helps the general public to understand why disabilities occur, how they can be helped, and become successful.  Children who are learning disabled have all of the elements to learn; they just learn differently.

 

References

Learning Disabilities |The Neuroscience Team. (2017, Aug. 29) Retrieved from http://www.theneuroscienceteam.com/learning-disability/

Neuroscience, Education, and Learning Disabilities. (2017, Aug. 29) Retrieved from www.pas.va/content/dam/accademia/pdf/sv117/sv117-galaburda.pdf

Neuroscience and Special Education:  NASDSE. (2017, Aug. 29) Retrieved from http://www.nasdse.org/DesktopModules/…/72_f2f7f9b7-ff92-4cda-a843-c817497e81e4.pdf

The Educated Brain::Cambridge Neuroscience. (2017, Aug. 29) Retrieved from www.neuroscience.cam.ac.uk/research/cameos/EducatedBrain.php

 

 

Written by Marcella H., Novastar Prep Subject Coach

SHARE

Leave a reply